The Paris Opera
The Management and Governance
of a Major Cultural Institution

A book written by Philippe Agid &
Jean-Claude Tarondeau


The Gall Era

Social management and conflicts

During the Gall Era, from September 1995 to July 2004, more than 110 strike warnings threatened 158 performances.

Fifty-seven performances were cancelled and 31 were presented in concert versions.

The book details the principal reasons for conflicts – wages, work organization and reduction of working time. It aims to explain how conflicts have developed and been resolved. It tries to qualify the issues and the future outlook.

Illustration d'une scène de duel
Duel scene