The Paris Opera
The Management and Governance
of a Major Cultural Institution

A book written by Philippe Agid &
Jean-Claude Tarondeau


Historical Models

The monopolistic, inimitable Lully Era

The "privilège" accorded to Lully by Louis XIV offered him a monopoly in France.

Fourteen lyrical tragedies written by Lully himself with his librettist Quinault successfully accounted for all lyrical activity at the Royal Academy of Music.

Lully successfully combined opportunity with artistic, economic and management know-how and capabilities. He built a huge personal fortune!

The disorder that followed Lully's death in 1687 led to regulation of the activities and operation of the Academy of Music by the king’s administration from 1713, which never completely disappeared since.

Portrait of Lully
Portrait of Lully